Revision of the Combined Transport Directive introduced to the 2017 EC work programme
A revision of the Combined Transport Directive was introduced to the 2017 Commission work programme under REFIT in order to increase regulatory efficiency and reduce costs and burdens.
The Combined transport of goods is where the major part the journey is carried out by train, ships or barges and is served by a short road leg in the beginning and/or end of the journey. In combined transport the goods are loaded into intermodal loading units (e.g. containers) in the beginning of the journey and these loading units are moved from one type of transport to another without reloading the goods themselves (transhipped). Combined transport is thus both a type of intermodal and multimodal transport.
Multimodal transport is transport where the goods or passengers are transported by more than one mode of transport, for example a transport operation involving road and rail transport.
Intermodal transport is multimodal transport of goods in single loading units which is transhipped from one mode of transport to another (such as transport of a container first by road and then by a barge on inland waterway).
Combined transport is a type of intermodal transport where the road leg is limited to a short distance and the major part of the route is carried out by rail, inland waterways or maritime transport.
Transhipment covers all the actions necessary for the loading unit to be changed from one mode of transport to another mode of transport (such as from road vehicle to a train).
The Combined Transport Directive (92/106/EEC) is an EU instruments that aims to reduce the negative side-effects of goods transport on environment (such as CO2 and other emissions) and on society (such as, congestion, accidents, noise etc) (also called negative externalities) by supporting the shift from long distance road transport to long distance rail, inland waterways and maritime transport as the latter cause less negative externalities.
A recent REFIT evaluation of the Directive concluded that the Directive continues to be relevant for achieving EU transport policy's objective as regards the reduction of these negative externalities, however that the effectiveness and the efficiency of the Directive could be further improved. Consequently a revision of the Combined Transport Directive was introduced to the 2017 Commission work programme under REFIT in order to increase regulatory efficiency and reduce costs and burdens.
The Commission has thus launched an impact assessment on the amendment of the Combined Transport Directive and has in this framework approved a consultation strategy under which it is carrying out several consultation exercises. A public consultation was already carried out in 2014 and the current consultations build on its results and are addressing the issues that were not addressed in the 2014 consultation, most importantly the available policy options and their impacts.
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